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Repertory Archive


Ballet and Choreography by Harald Lander
Music by Carl Czerny
Adapted and Orchestrated by Knudåge Riisager
Staged by Thomas Lund
Artistic Advisor: Lise Lander
Lighting Design by Nananne Porcher
after Harald Lander

Previous Credits
Scenery and Costumes by Rolf Gerard

World Premiere

Royal Danish Ballet
January 15, 1948
Royal Theatre
Copenhagen, Denmark

Margot Lander
Hans Brenaa
Svend Erik Jensen
Inge Sand
Inge Goth

ABT Premiere

October 5, 1961
54th Street Theatre
New York, New York

Toni Lander
Royes Fernandez
Bruce Marks
Eleanor D’Antuono
Elisabeth Carroll


Études means so much to me, because this ballet is an expression of myself, and of my thoughts on dance. Dancing is not just delivering some steps to the audience. The purpose of ballet is, increasingly so, to combine spirit, dance, and music!”

— Harald Lander


This ballet may be considered a pictorial representation of the work which must be achieved by dancers during the long, difficult years of classroom training which ultimately culminate in a perfect fusion of art and technique.  It illustrates the complete development of classical ballet from the basic five positions to pure virtuosity. The études of Czerny were used to accompany this demonstration because of the appropriate character of the music.