Born in Guatemala City, Guatemala, Adrienne Schulte began her ballet training with Marcia Dale Weary at the Central Pennsylvania Youth Ballet at the age of seven. She continued her studies at the School of American Ballet in 1996 and at the Paris Opéra Ballet School in France from 1996 to 1998 before joining American Ballet Theatre's Studio Company in 1998.
Schulte joined American Ballet Theatre as a member of the corps de ballet in January 1999. Her roles with the Company include the Stepmother in Cinderella, Bianca and a Carnival Dancer in Othello, a Harlot in Romeo and Juliet, the Greedy One in Three Virgins and a Devil and leading roles in Black Tuesday, Concerto No. 1 for Piano and Orchestra, Dark Elegies, Drink To Me Only With Thine Eyes, Glow - Stop, Within You Without You: A Tribute to George Harrison and workwithinwork, and featured roles in Artemis and HereAfter.
Schulte danced with the English National Ballet from 2007-2009 as a First Artist. Her roles with the company included the Pas de Quatre and Lead Czardas in Swan Lake, Arabian dance in The Nutcracker and a leading role in Wayne Eagling's new work Resolution.
Schulte rejoined the Company in September 2011. Her repertory includes the Lead Gypsy in Don Quixote, Helena in The Dream, Katia in A Month in the Country, Lead Czardas in Swan Lake and a role in Duets, as well as roles in all of the Company's full-length ballets. She created Red Riding Hood in Alexei Ratmansky's The Sleeping Beauty.